University of Oxford

Rick van der Ploeg

Research Web Site

See also oxcarre. Research-Papers , ideaspva185.html and econpaper.repe oxfoxcrwp .

VoxEu contributions:

To appear

Book review of BLOOD OIL – TYRANTS, VIOLENCE and the RULES That RUN the WORLD by Leif Wenar, Oxford University Press, 2016, ISBN 978-0-19-026292-1 (hardback), Economics and Philosophy. [oxcarrepp201736]

Abandoning fossil fuel in an imperfect world: how fast and how much?, Keynote Lecture, The Manchester School. With Armon Rezai. [oxcarrerp2013123 ]

Sustainable management of natural resource wealth, in C. Hepburn and K. Hamilton (eds.), National Wealth: What is Missing, Why it Matters?, Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K.

Extractive revenues and government spending: Short- versus long-run considerations, WIDER Working Paper 2017-45, UNU-WIDER, Helsinki (2017).With Anthony J. Venables.

Transitional risks and the safe carbon budget, in R. Arezki and P. Bolton (eds.), International Monetary Fund, Washington, D.C and Columbia University Press.

Extractive revenues and government spending: short versus longer term considerations, in T. Addison and A. Roe (eds.), Extractive Industries and Development, WIDER, UNU, Helsinki (2016). With Anothony J. Venables.

Harnessing hydrocarbon revenues: a Russian perspective, Vestnik SPbSU, Economics, St. Petersburg University Journal of Economic Studies. With Aleksandra Malova and Andrey Saltan.

Is there really a Green Paradox?, in R. Halvorsen (ed.), The Economics of Nonrenewable Resources, The International Library of Critical Writings in Economics, Edward Elgar, Aldershot. With Cees Withagen.

Management of resource revenues: economic principles and Caspian experiences, in G. Mavrotas (ed.), Natural Resources and Development, Elgar, Aldershot, to appear. With Karly Kuralbayeva and Anthony J. Venables. [oxcarrepp201006]


Second-best renewable subsidies to de-carbonize the economy: commitment and the Green Paradox, Environmental and Resource Economics, 66, 3, 409-434. With Armon Rezai. [oxcarrerp201297] [ OnlineFirst] [10.1007/]

Russian oil and gas windfalls and the sustainable fiscal stance, Energy Policy, 105, 27-40. With Aleksandra Malova. [oxcarrepp201633]

Political economy of the West: populism versus policy wonks, Vestnik SPbSU, Series 5, Economics, St. Petersburg University Journal of Economic Studies, 1, 16pp.  [ POLITICAL ECONOMY OF THE WEST populists versus policy wonks SPbSU]

Natural resources make rich, in B. Frey and D. Iselin (eds.), Economic Ideas You Should Forget, Springer International Publishing. [springer/book/9783319474571]

The impact of natural resources – survey of recent quantitative evidence, in E. Papyrakis (ed.), Why Does Development Fail in Resource Rich Countries: The Catch 22 of Mineral Wealth, Routledge, London. With Steven Poelhekke.


Intergenerational inequality aversion, growth and the role of damages: Occam’s rule for the global carbon tax, Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, 3, 2, 493-522. With Armon Rezai. [oxcarrerp2015150] [] Supplementary Material:

Second-best carbon taxation in the global economy: the Green Paradox and carbon leakage revisited, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 78, 85-105. [ oxcarp2015157 ] [sciencedirect.27 ]

The Elephant in the ground: managing oil and sovereign wealth, European Economic Review, 82, 113-131. With Ton S. van den Bremer and Samuel Wills. [oxcarrerp2013129] and [cepr.discussion_papersno=10188]. [science/article/pii/S0014292115001543]

Non-cooperative and cooperative responses to climate catastrophes in the global economy: A North-South perspective, Environmental and Resource Economics, 65, 3, 519-540. With Aart J. de Zeeuw. [oxcarrerp2014149 ] [ springer ]  [springer/10640]

Climate change economics: reacting to multiple tipping points, Nature Climate Change, 6, 442-443. [oxcarrepp201629] [ nature/nclimate/journal/ncurrent/full/nclimate2962 ]

Saving Alberta’s resource revenues: role of intergenerational and liquidity funds, Energy Policy, 99, 132-146. With Ton S. van den Bremer. [ oxcarrerp2016179 ] [sciencedirect]

Fossil fuel producers under threat, Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 32, 2, 206-222. [oxcarrepp201628a] [oxrep]

A move South, Finance & Development, 53, 1, 36-39. With Rabah Arezki and Frederik Toscani. [ ]

Cumulative emissions, unburnable fossil fuel, and the optimal carbon tax, Technological Forecasting & Social Change. With Armon Rezai. [ sciencedirect ] [oxcarrepp201635]

The impact of natural resources – survey of recent quantitative evidence, Journal of Development Studies, 53, 2, 205-216. With Steven Poelhekke. [oxcarrepp201524] [ tandfonline/2016]

Managing the crash in commodity prices, VoxEU, 24 December. [voxeu/managing-crash-commodity-prices]

The shifting natural wealth of nations, VoxEU, 15 December. With Rabah Arezki and Fred Toscanini. [voxeu/shifting-natural-wealth] [ ] []

Die Potenzielle Kontraprodutivität von Second-Best-Massnahmen in der Klimapolitik (Potential counter-productivity of second-best climate policies), CESifo Forum, May, 30-31.[CESifo HWS]

Energy policy post 1973, Chapter 37, 255-260 in C. Gopalakrishnan (ed.), Classic Papers in Natural Resource Economics Revisited, Routledge, London and New York. With J. Feddersen, Florian Habermacher and Jan Imhof.


Battle for climate and scarcity rents: beyond the linear-quadratic case, Dynamic Games and Applications, 15, 4, 493-522. With Mark Kagan and Cees Withagen. [oxcarrerp2015155]  [13235-015-0154-2?]

Global warming and the Green Paradox: a review of adverse effects of climate policy, Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 9, 2, 285-303. With Cees Withagen. [oxcarrerp2013116] [reep/early/2015]

Green Havens and Pollution Havens, The World Economy, 38, 7, 1159-1178. With Steven Poelhekke. wiley  [oxcarrerp201287] [ onlinelibrary.wiley.10.1111 ]

International capital markets, oil producers and the Green Paradox, European Economic Review, 76, 275-297. With Gerard van der Meijden and Cees Withagen. [oxcarrerp2014130] [science/S0014292115000409]

Robustness of a simple rule for the social cost of carbon, Economics Letters, 132, 48-55. With Armon Rezai. [oxcarrepp201526]

Energy modeling post 1973, Journal of Natural Resources Policy, 7, 2-3, 161-166. With John Feddersen, Florian Habermacher and Jan Imhof. [ 10.1080/19390459.2015.1039238 ]

Untapped fossil fuel and the Green Paradox: a classroom calibration of the optimal carbon tax, Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, 17, 2, 185-210.   [OxCarreRP2013119] [springer]

How do we set a price on carbon?, World Economic Forum. With Armon Rezai.

Global carbon taxation: Intuition from a back-on-the-envelope calculation, VoxEU, 15 January, and also at IIASA. With Armon Rezai.  voxeu/global-carbon-taxation

Openbare financiën, chapter 1, pp. 13-29 in Canon van de Economie, S. Phlippen and G. Werner (eds.), ESB B.V., Rotterdam, The Netherlands, With Bas Jacobs and Ruud de Mooij.

De toekomst is aan de robots, 60-63 in Bas ter Weel (ed.), De Match tussen Mens en Machine, Preadviezen van de Koninklijke Vereniging voor de Staathuishoudkunde, Joh. Enschede, Amsterdam. With Willem Vermeend.

The Economics of Resource Rich Economies (eds.), Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, U.K., xvii+820 pp. With A.J. Venables.


Growth, renewables and the optimal carbon tax, International Economic Review, 55, 1, 283-311. With Cees Withagen. [oxcarrerp201055] [wiley.iere.12049]

Abrupt positive feedback and the social cost of carbon, European Economic Review, 67, 28-41. [OxCarreRP2013122] [    ]

Guidelines for exploiting natural resource wealth, Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 30, 1, 145-169. [OxCarreRP2013128] [Wealth_OXREP]

Understanding international commodity price movements, Journal of International Money and Finance, 42, April, 1-8 With R. Arezki, P. Loungani and A.J. Venables. [OxCarrePP201319]  [   ]

Digging deep for the Heritage Fund: Why the right fund for Alberta pays dividends long after oil is gone, SPP Research Papers, Volume 7, Issue 31, October, The School of Public Policy, University of Calgary. With Ton S. van den Bremer. [] See also .

Norway is right to reassess its sovereign wealth fund, VoxEU, 10 October [voxeu.norway-sovereignwealthfund] With Ton S. van den Bremer and Samuel Wills.

Dealing with the treat of climate catastrophe, VoxEU, 31 July 2014. [] With Aart J. de Zeeuw.

Climate Policy and Non-Renewable Resources – The Green Paradox and Beyond (eds.), MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., 328 pp. With  K. Pittel and C. Withagen.


Do natural resources attract non-resource FDI?, The Review of Economics and Statistics, 95 (3), 1047-1065. With Steven Poelhekke. [oxcarrerp201051]    [mitpress.REST]    [thedata.restat]

Absorbing a windfall of foreign exchange: Dutch disease dynamics, Journal of Development Economics, 103, 229-243. With Anthony J. Venables. [OxCarreRP201052]    [sciencedirect]

Managing and harnessing volatile oil windfalls, IMF Economic Review, 61, 1, 131-167. With Ton S. van den Bremer. [OxCarreRP201285]  [imfer20134].

Official forecasts and management of oil windfalls, International Tax and Public Finance, 20, 5, 827-866. With Torfinn Harding. [oxcarrerp200927]  []

Cumulative carbon emissions and the Green Paradox, Annual Review of Resource Economics, 5, 281-300.  [OxCarreRP2013110]   [annurev-resource-091912-151930]

Green Growth, Green Paradox and the global economic crisis, Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, 6, 116-119. With Cees Withagen. [OxCarrePP201216]

On the relevance of Green Paradoxes, Research in Management Economics and Finance, October. With Cees Withagen. [OxCarrePP201318]   [rimefi] www.rimefi


Managing and harnessing volatile oil windfalls: Three funds, three countries and three stories, VoxEU, 14 December 2012 [voxeu]. With Ton S. van den Bremer.

War and natural resource exploitation, European Economic Review, 56, 8, 1714-1729. With Dominic Rohner. [oxcarrerp201042]   [sciencedirect]

Too much coal, too little oil, Journal of Public Economics, 96, 1-2, 62-77. With Cees Withagen. [oxcarrerp201156 ]   [sciencedirect]

Is there really a Green Paradox?, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 64, 3, 342-363. With Cees Withagen. [oxcarrerp201035]  [sciencedirect]

Natural resource wealth: the challenge of managing a windfall, Annual Reviews in Economics, 4, 315-337. With Anthony J. Venables. [oxcarrerp201175]   [annurev-080511] [ann080511-111003]

Bottlenecks in ramping up public investment, Keynote Lecture, 2011 IIPF Congress, Ann Arbor, International Tax and Public Finance, 19, 4, 509-538. [oxcarrerp201166]  [rd.springer]

How to design a carbon tax, 27-48 in R. de Mooij, I.W.H. Parry and M. Keen (eds.), Fiscal Policy to Mitigate Climate Change – A Guide for Policymakers, IMF, Washington, D.C. With Ian W.H. Parry and Roberton Williams. [oxcarrepp201214]   [imf/ books/2012/climate]

Oil windfalls and investing to invest in Central Africa, 89-109 in B. Aikitoby and S. Coorey (eds.), Oil in Central Africa – Policies for Inclusive Growth, IMF, Washington, D.C. [oxcarrepp201215.pdf ]

Oil and Fiscal Policy in Iraq, report for the World Bank, Washington, D.C. With Anthony J. Venables and S. Wills. [OxCarrePP201213]

Europe at a cross roads: Reforming political institutions and public sectors, Chapter 6, pp. 119-153 in T. Buettner and W. Ochel (eds.), The Continuing Evolution of Europe, The MIT Press, Cambridge, Ma. With Massimo Bordignon and Thiess Buettner. [How to Construct Europe]

Making the grade: how do European higher-education systems score internationally?, CESifo Forum, 3, 21-28. [cesifo-group/1217878]

Resource wars and confiscation risk, Research Paper 97, OxCarre, Oxford (2012).  [OxCarreRP201297]

Economic growth and the social cost of carbon: additive versus multiplicative damages, Research Paper 93, OxCarre, Oxford (2012). With Armon Rezai and Cees Withagen. [OxCarreRP201293]


Natural resources: curse or blessing?, Journal of Economic Literature, 49, 2, 366-420.  [oxcarrepp200905]   [aeaweb]   [resource curse]

Harnessing windfall revenues: optimal policies for resource-rich developing economies, Economic Journal, 121, 551, 1-30. With Anthony J. Venables. [oxcarrerp200809]    [voxwindfallrev]   [WINDFAL]    [Economic Journal-wiley]

Harnessing oil revenues in Ghana, Policy Paper 12, OxCarre. With Radek Stefanski and Samuel Wills.  [oxcarrepp201112]

Do natural resources depress income per capita?, Review of Development Economics, 15, 3, 504-521. With Rabah Arezki. [oxcarrerp200801]    [wiley]

Macroeconomics of sustainability transitions: second-best climate policy, Green Paradox, and renewable subsidies, Environmental Innovations and Transitions, 1, 1, 131-134. [oxcarrepp201107]

Fiscal policy and Dutch disease, International Economics and Economic Policy, 8, 121-131. [oxcarrepp201108]     [springerlink]

Rapacious resource depletion, excessive investment and insecure property rights: a puzzle, Environmental and Resource Economics, 48, 1, 105-128. [oxcarrerp200916]     [springerlink]  [Fractionalized]


Voracious tranformation of a common natural resource into productive capital, International Economic Review, 51, 2, 365-381. [oxcarrerp200802]    [wiley]  [voracity]

Aggressive oil extraction and precautionary saving: Coping with volatility, Journal of Public Economics, 94, 5-6, 421-433. (2010). [oxcarrerp200921]    [sciencedirect]     [PREC BUFFERS]

The pungent smell of “red herrings”: subsoil assets, rents, volatility, and the resource curse, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 60, 1, 44-55 (2010). With Steven Poelhekke.  [oxcarrerp201033]     [sciencedirect]    [BB Red Herrings]

Why do many resource-rich countries have negative genuine saving rates? Anticipation of better times or rapacious rent seeking, Resource and Energy Economics, 32, 28-44 (2010). [oxcarrerp200810]    [sciencedirect]     [Hartwick political]

Managing resource revenues in developing economies, OxCarre Research Paper 2009-14, IMF Staff Papers, 57, 1, 84-118. With Paul Collier, Michael Spence and Anthony J. Venables. [oxcarrerp200915]   [palgrave]  [resrev]

Political economy of prudent budgetary policy, International Tax and Public Finance, 17, 3, 295-314. [springerlink]    [PRUDENT]

Africa and the natural resource curse, in I. Vieira, C. Vieira, A. Caleiro and C. Richter (eds.), Globalisation, New Challenges: Macroeconomic, International Trade and Finance Issues, Lambert Academic Publishing.

Growth and volatility in developing economies, 29-51 in B. Berendsen (ed.), Economic growth and the Common Good – From Crisis to Sustainable Development, KIT publishers, Amsterdam.

Trade policies, institutions and the natural resource curse, Applied Economics Letters, 17, 1443-1451. With Rabah Arezki. [Applied]

Management of resource revenues in the CAREC region: the many faces of the natural resource curse, prepared for the Asian Development Bank (2010). With K. Kuralbayeva and A.J. Venables. ADB Revenues5Feb 2010

Partisan public investment and debt biases – Liquidity of government assets and the case for fiscal restrictions. PolEcPuInvSmpl With R.M.W.J. Beetsma. Appendix with mathematical derivations: PuInv  PuInvApp


Volatility and the natural resource curse, Oxford Economic Papers, 61, 4, 727-760. With Steven Poelhekke. [oxcarrerp200803]     [oep]     [Volatility]

Foreign direct investment and urban concentrations: Unbundling spatial lags, Journal of Regional Science, 49, 4, 749-775.  With Steven Poelhekke. [wiley.]  [IHS Rev] [IHS EUR

Prudent monetary policy and cautious predictions of the output gap, Journal of Macroeconomics, 31, 2, 217-230. [sciencedirect]    [PrudMon]

Global crisis and developing countries: Financial, environmental, resource and food perspectives (David Pearce Lecture at the 17th Annual EAERE Conference), International Review of Environmental and Resource Economics, 3, 2, 119-160. [oxcarrepp200905]  [David Pearce Lecture 2009]

Reinventing Europe, CESifo Economic Studies, 55, 1, 1-14. With Massimo Bordignon and Thiess Buettner. [cesifo]     [Europe]

Symposium on resource rich economies – Introduction, Oxford Economic Papers, 61, 4, 625-627. With Anthony J. Venables. [oep]

The volatility curse: revisiting the paradox of plenty Research Paper 24, OxCarre, University of Oxford. See also Financial development and the volatility curse. With S. Poelhekke. oxcarrerp200924

Political economy of reinventing Europe, Schuman Lecture, University of Maastricht and Municipality of Maastricht, 7 May 2009. [Schuman Lecture 2009]


Harnessing windfall revenues in developing economies, VoxEU, 2 October. With Anthony J. Venables. [voxeu/harnessing-windfall-revenues-developing-economies]

Towards evidence-based reform of European universities, VoxEU, 27 September. With Reinhilde Veugelers. []

Globalization and the rise of mega-cities in the developing world, Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 1, 1-25. With Steven Poelhekke.   [cjres]     [Flat World]

Africa and natural resources: managing natural resources for sustainable growth, Background Paper for the African Development Bank Annual Report. [PPafrica]

Reforming European Universities: Scope for an evidence-based process, 28 pp. in M. Dewatripont and F. Thys-Clement (eds.), Governance of European Universities, Editions de l’Universite de Bruxelles, Brussels.  With Reinhilde Veugelers. [Reform]

Towards evidence-based reform of European universities, CESifo Economic Studies, 52, 3, 2-22. With Reinhilde Veugelers. [cesifo]    [Higher]

Structural Reforms, Public Investment and the Fiscal Stance: A Prudent Approach, Rapport till Finanspolitiska radet, 2008/3, 1-36, March 2008, Swedish Fiscal Policy Council, Stockholm.  [SWPC] 

Taxes and the Economy, Edward Elgar, Camberley, Surrey, vii+504 pp. With J.W. Timmer and W.F. Vermeend.


International aspects of pollution control, 17-29 in C. Mason and E. Bulte (eds.), Environmental Economics (Critical Concepts in the Environment), Routledge, Abingdon. With A.J. de Zeeuw.

Report for the African Development Bank, Tunis, Africa and Natural Resources: Managing Natural Resources for Sustainable Growth, August 2007.  [Africa NR]   [oxcarre/PPafrica]

Sustainable social spending in a greying economy with stagnant public services: Baumol’s cost disease revisited, FinanzArchiv, 63, 4, 519-547. [ingentaconnect]  [Public sector Baumol]

Higher education reform and the renewed Lisbon strategy: roles of member states and the European Commission, Chapter 5, 65-96, G. Gelauff, I. Grilo and A. Lejour (eds.), Subsidiarity and Economic Reform in Europe, Kluwer. CESifo WP 1901 (2007). With R. Veugelers.  [HEEconomics]

Books, in S. Durlauf and L. Blume (eds.), The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, second edition, MacMillan, London. [Books NP]

New Keynesian economics, in W.A. Darity et. al. (eds.), International Encyclopedia of Social Sciences, 2nd edition, MacMillan, Farmington Hills, MI. [Intl Encycl Soc Sc 2nd]


Do social policies harm employment? Second-best effects of taxes and benefits on labor markets, Chapter 3, 97-144 in J. Agell and P.B. Sørensen (eds.), Tax Policy and Labor Market Performance, CESifo and MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.   [social policies]

The economics of books, 721-761, Chapter 21 in V. Ginsburgh and D. Throsby (eds.), Handbook of the Economics of Art and Culture, North-Holland, Amsterdam. With M. Canoy and J. van Ours. [sciencedirect]    [ Books]

The making of cultural policy: A European perspective, 1183-1221, Chapter 34 in V. Ginsburgh and D. Throsby (eds.), Handbook of the Economics of Art and Culture, North-Holland, Amsterdam. [sciencedirect]    [Making] 

The welfare state, redistribution and the economy: reciprocal altruism, consumer rivalry and second best, Chapter 8, 192-222 in F. Farina and E. Savaglio (eds.), Inequality and Economic Integration, Routledge, London. [Rivalry]

Guide to reform of higher education: A European perspective. Economic Policy, 47, 535-592, July 2006,  London. With B. Jacobs. [onlinelibrary.wiley]  [Guide]

Getting European universities into shape, European Political Science, 52, 5, 288-303. With B. Jacobs. [palgrave]   [EPS2006]. See also Free the universities from their shackles, Centerpoint, 2005. Ctp2005 Also Web Forum Transformation of Public Universities of Social Science Research Council, New York.  [pubunivs].

Conditional benefits reduce equilibrium unemployment, Journal of Public Economic Theory, 8, 4, 603-610. [onlinelibrary.wiley]  [conditional benefits]

L’Europe doit, a son tour, adopter un politique d’affirmative action (Affirmative action for Europe), Le Monde, 7/2. Syndicated via Project Syndicate. With H. Mees.  [Affirmative action]

Rolling back the public sector: differential effects on employment, investment and growth, Oxford Economic Papers,58, 1, 103-122, [oep.oxfordjournals]  [OEPF]  [oep.oxjls]


Macroeconomics of fiscal policy and government debt, 187-208 in P. de Gijsel and H. Schenk (eds.), Multidisciplinary Economics: The Birth of a New Economics Faculty in the Netherlands, Springer, Dordrecht. [Utrecht OECD]

Back to Keynes?, November 2004, CESifo Economic Studies, 51, 4, 777-822. [BacktoKeynes]

Culture and the creative economy, in F. van Woerden and T. de Neef (eds.), All That Dutch – International Cultural Politics, NAi Publishers, Rotterdam, 2005.  [SICA]

Structural change, stagnation and uneven growth in the light of Baumol’s cost disease, presented at the 2005 Public Economic Theory Conference, Marseille, 16-18 June (2005).


Comment – Convention on cultural diversity: A Trojan horse?, Journal of Cultural Economics, 28, 4, 257-261. [springerlink]  [convention] 

Euro: d’abord la méfiance, ensuite l’amour (Liebe auf den zweiten Blick – der Euro; The Euro: the long road to popularity), De Gids, 86-91, May/June. [De Gids]

Beyond the dogma of the fixed book price agreement, Journal of Cultural Economics, 28, 1, 1-20.   [springerlink]   [FBP]

Role of employers in transforming disability into ability: Learning from Dutch Mistakes, 341-348 in B. Marin, C. Prinz and M. Queisser (eds.), Transforming Disability into Ability, Ashgate, Aldershot. [Wao OECD]


In art we trust?, De Economist, 150, 4, 333-362.[springerlink]     [in art]

Environmental policy, public finance and the labour market in a second-best world, 112-153 and Tax reform, structural unemployment and the environment, 379-396 reprinted in L.H. Goulder (ed.), Environmental Policy Making in Economies with Prior Tax Distortions, New Horizons in Environmental Economics, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, U.K. With A.L. Bovenberg.

Copyright and the cultural industries: the policymaker’s view, in R. Towse (ed.), Copyright in the Cultural Industries, Edward Elgar, 2002. Pros and cons of basic income. With A.L. Bovenberg. [Basic income Vienna]



Environmental policy, tax incidence, and the cost of public funds. Environmental and Resource Economics, 13, 2, 187-207. With J.E. Ligthart. [springerlink]


Tax reform, structural unemployment and the environment, The Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 100, 3, 593-610. With A.L. Bovenberg.

Consequences of environmental tax reform for involuntary unemployment and welfare, Environmental and Resource Economics, 12, 137-150. With A.L. Bovenberg.   [springerlink]


Optimal taxation, public goods and environmental policy with involuntary unemployment, Journal of Public Economics, 62, 59-83.  [sciencedirect]


Fiscal and environmental policy under monopolistic competition, De Economist, 143, 2, 217‑248. With B. Heijdra.


Environmental policy, public finance and the labour market in a second-best world, Journal of Public Economics, 55, 349-390. With A.L. Bovenberg.  [sciencedirect]

Pollution, the cost of public funds and endogenous growth, Economics Letters, 46, 351-361. With J.E. Ligthart.  [sciencedirect]

Green policies and public finance in a small open economy, The Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 96, 3, 343-363. With A.L. Bovenberg.

Environmental policy, public goods and the marginal cost of public funds, The Economic Journal, 104, 423, 444-454. With A.L. Bovenberg.    [jstor]


Direct crowding out, optimal taxation and pollution abatement, Economics Letters, 43, 83-93. With A.L. Bovenberg. [sciencedirect]


International aspects of pollution control, Environmental and Resource Economics, 2, 117-139. With A.J. de Zeeuw.


The game of international pollution control, Systems and Control Letters, 17, 409-414. With A.J. de Zeeuw.

Pollution control and the Ramsey problem, Environmental and Resource Economics, 1, 215‑236. With C. Withagen.  [springerlink]


Inefficiency of credible strategies in oligopolistic resource markets with uncertainty, Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 11, 1, 123‑145.  [sciencedirect]


Inefficiency of credible strategies in renewable resource markets with iso‑elastic demand, zero extraction costs and stochastic renewal, Journal of Econ­omic Dynamics and Control, 10, 1/2, 309‑314. [sciencedirect]